What Is Human papilloma virus (HPV)?
Does HPV cause health problems?
HPV is an infection that commonly causes skin or mucous membrane growths (warts) in various parts of the body, depending on the strain. . Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI). Cervical cancer is almost 100% preventable yet it is the 2nd most common cancer among women in Nigeria.
HPV or Human papilloma virus is the main cause of cervical cancer in women. It is very common and there are more than 1.5 million cases per year (Nigeria) HPV can be spreads by sexual contact Some types are preventable by vaccine Treatment can help, but this condition can't be cured Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong It requires a medical diagnosis Lab tests or imaging is often required How it spreads: *By mother to baby by pregnancy, labor, or nursing. *By having unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex. HPV can be passed even when an infected person has no signs or symptoms.
Anyone who is sexually active can get HPV, even if you have had sex with only one person. You also can develop symptoms years after you have sex with someone who is infected. This makes it hard to know when you first became infected. Does HPV cause health problems? In most cases, HPV goes away on its own and does not cause any health problems. But when HPV does not go away, it can cause health problems like genital warts and cancer. Genital warts usually appear as a small bump or group of bumps in the genital area. They can be small or large, raised or flat, or shaped like a cauliflower.
A healthcare provider can usually diagnose warts by looking at the genital area. Does HPV cause cancer? HPV can cause cervical and other cancers including cancer of the vulva, vagina, penis, or anus. It can also cause cancer in the back of the throat, including the base of the tongue and tonsils (called oropharyngeal cancer). Cancer often takes years, even decades, to develop after a person gets HPV. The types of HPV that can cause genital warts are not the same as the types of HPV that can cause cancers.
There is no way to know which people who have HPV will develop cancer or other health problems. People with weak immune systems (including those with HIV/AIDS) may be less able to fight off HPV. They may also be more likely to develop health problems from HPV. How can I avoid HPV and the health problems it can cause? You can do several things to lower your chances of getting HPV. Get vaccinated. The HPV vaccine is safe and effective. It can protect against diseases (including cancers) caused by HPV when given in the recommended age groups.
HPV campaign by Cancer Awareness in Nigeria is aimed at saving women’s lives from cervical cancer through prevention and early detection. You can prevent cervical cancer with the right screening test at the right time. Cervical screening tests can find abnormal cells so they can be treated before they turn into cancer. Stay informed about about Cancer Aware and also to learn about ways you can reduce your cancer risk.